HTML Full Form

HTML Full Form  – Hypertext Markup Language

Introduction

HTML Full Form – Hypertext Markup Language is a computer language that is used to create the majority of web pages and online applications. A hypertext is a piece of text that references other pieces of text, whereas a markup language is a set of symbols that tell web servers about a document’s style and structure.

HTML is not a programming language since it lacks the ability to develop dynamic functionality. Instead, online users can utilize HTML elements, tags, and attributes to design and organize sections, paragraphs, and connections.

HTML FULL FORM

Here are a few of the most common HTML applications:

  1. Web design and development. HTML code is used by web developers to define how a browser renders web page elements including text, hyperlinks, and media files.
  2. Use of the internet. Because HTML is widely used to embed hyperlinks, users may simply navigate and insert links between similar pages and websites.
  3. Documentation on the internet HTML, like Microsoft Word, allows you to organize and format your texts.HTML is currently regarded as an official web standard, which is worth highlighting. HTML specifications are maintained and developed by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), which also provides frequent upgrades.

A typical website has a number of separate HTML pages. A home page, an about page, and a contact page, for example, would all have their own HTML files.

HTML documents are files with extensions.html and.htm. The HTML file is read by a web browser, which renders the material for internet users to see.

Every HTML page has a set of HTML elements, which are a collection of tags and attributes. A web page’s building components are HTML elements. A tag tells the web browser where an element starts and stops, whereas an attribute describes an element’s qualities.

Three primary sections of  an element’s are :

  1. The opening tag specifies where an element begins to take effect. Angle brackets that open and close are wrapped around the tag. To make a paragraph, for example, use the start tag <p>.
  2. Content – the output that is visible to other users.
  3. Closing tag – the same as the opening tag, but with the element name preceded by a forward slash. For example, to finish a paragraph, use </p>.

HTML Code Example

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<title>Title of your page</title>
</head>
<body>

<h4>Heading</h4>
<p>Paragraph.</p>

</body>
</html>

Output

Heading

Paragraph.

HTML versions history

HTML version 2

  • 24 November 1995
  • RFC 1866 was the name given to HTML 2.0. RFCs with additional capabilities were added:
  • RFC 1867 was issued on November 25, 1995.
  • RFC 1942,
  • RFC 1980, August 1996
  • RFC 2070 was published in January 1997. (internationalization)

HTML 3

  • 14th of January, 1997
  • W3C published HTML 3.2 as a Recommendation. Because the IETF’s HTML Working Group had ended on September 12, 1996, it was the first version created and defined solely by the W3C.

HTML version 4

  • The date was December 18, 1997.
  • W3C published HTML 4.0 as a Recommendation. It comes in three different versions:
  • Strict, prohibiting the use of deprecated elements
  • Transitional, which allows for the use of obsolete elements.
  • Only frame-related items are allowed in this frameset.
  • HTML 5 is the latest version of HTML.

28th of October, 2014 HTML5 was approved by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). 

HTML Characteristics

  1. HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) is an acronym for Hypertext Markup Language. For web pages and applications, it allows the user to construct and structure sections, paragraphs, headings, links, and quotes.
  2. HTML isn’t a programming language, thus it can’t do things like generating dynamic functionality. Instead, it works with Microsoft Word to assist organize and structure texts.
  3. HTML documents are files with the extensions.html or.htm. Then, using any online browser, you may watch (like Google Chrome, Safari or Mozilla Firefox). The HTML file is read by the browser, which then displays its content for Internet users to see.
  4. A typical website will have a number of separate HTML pages. Home pages, about pages, and contact pages, for example, would all have their own HTML documents.
  5. Each HTML page is made up of a set of tags (also known as elements) that can be used to call up the web page’s building blocks. They provide a hierarchy in which content is organized into sections, paragraphs, headings, and other content blocks.

Pros

  • Beginner-friendly. HTML has a simple learning curve and uses clean and consistent markup.
  • Support. The language is widely used, with a strong community and a wealth of resources.
  • Accessible. It’s fully free and open-source. HTML is supported by all web browsers.
  • Flexible. Backend languages like PHP and Node.js are easy to integrate with HTML.

Cons

  • Static. Static web pages are the primary application of the language. You may need to employ JavaScript or a back-end language like PHP for dynamic functionality.
  • A separate HTML page is required. Even if the elements are the same, users must construct individual web pages for HTML.
  • Compatibility with different browsers. Some browsers are sluggish to incorporate new functionality. Older browsers don’t always render newer tags correctly.

Conclusion

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Official Site for HTML

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